A person specialized in electrical wiring of buildings, stationary machines and other equipment is referred to an electrician. Installation of new equipment, maintenance, and repair of existing equipment is done by electricians. They receive training through college and university degrees or job training and higher level qualifications institutions which offer one knowledge and skills. Licensing of electricians is key in ensuring credibility when they are carrying out their different operations. There are different types of electrician including residential, commercial and dock electrician.
The key mandate of residential electricians is to ensure installation and maintenance of electrical systems in areas of residential occupancy such as family homes, apartments and hotels, and motels. Electrical systems and electrical apparatus and equipment that do not exceed 240 volts should be installed and maintained by a residential electrician. These electrical systems may include residential wiring, installing power outlets and sockets, installing special circuits for appliances, installing residential safety features such as security surveillance systems. Safety should be key in any of the installation and maintenance.
Commercial electricians are mainly based in commercial buildings where they are required to install, design and maintain the electrical instruments in the building including those that control the power, lighting, and heating as well as air conditioning and refrigeration units. Plans and diagrams are prepared showing how the piping is to be done as required by the local electrical codes or work with the engineering and architectural designs from the contractors in case of a new building where they are doing installation. Plans made ensure that conduits are installed and wiring is done which should be continuous to ensure compatibility, safety and proper performance of the system.
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Dock electricians are quite useful in that they ensure lighting to be able to see where a vessel can be attached to the shore when at the port to ensure loading and off-loading when it is dark. The dock electrician will ensure that there is proper lighting of the dock as well as the lifts in the vessel and make sure one is prepared for darkness. The electrician should be extra careful during the installation and maintenance of both the dock and boat lift lighting since the electrical components are located in water and can generate electrical currents making a person to be electrocuted if they touch the water. Dock and boat lift lighting should avoid using solar lighting as it does not provide enough light when it is dark hence can increase the chances of accident occurrence.
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Electrical installation and maintenance done by a profession in the given field of electrical installation and maintenance is important since it ensures safety of the occupants. An electricians has good chances of becoming an electrical engineer.